Archibald et al.Table . Mean annual temperature (MAT) estimates for formiciinebearing fossil localities (Messel, Puryear, Bournemouth) and localities regional towards the Farson Fish beds, Wyoming (Tiny Mountain, <a href="http://l-ump.net/wiki/index.php?title=Within_the_maintenance_of_the_mitochondria_that_provide_the_energy_for">Title
Loaded From File</a> Niland Tongue). MAT estimates for Messel had been previously published as points on a figure , and these values are now stated right here, too as newly published estimates based on each leaf margin evaluation (LMA) and the coexistence interval of nearest living relatives of plant fossils(Wilde et al.inferred a similar climate for Eckfeld and Messel). A MAT estimate for the Farson Fish Beds has not been reported; values are given for the slightly older Green River <a href="http://mdi-de-dienste.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=At_escalating_levels_of_detailed_information_about_this_domain_had_been_positively">Title
Loaded From File</a> Formation Laney Member Small Mountain locality, the regional Wasatch Formation Niland Tongue locality and an unspecified Green River Basin . Values for all web pages involve both leaf margin analysis and either taxon analogueor isotopic approaches , except for Bournemouth, that is from isotopic analysis of fossil gastropod shells . An isotopic estimate from the San Juan Basin (SJB)is supplied alongside the LMAbased estimate for Puryear, getting of your exact same palaeolatitude and age . The normal error for LMA values is set at .C unless the calculated error is greater than .C, following the recommendation of Peppe et al. ; for SJB isotope worth, it can be .C ; error not offered for Bournemouth isotope worth . locality with Formiciinae Messel Puryear Bournemouth Green River Formation Tiny Mountain Niland Tonguea c bno. of leaf morphotypespmargin . . n.a. . .MAT .Ca, .Cb, C (as much as C).C , .Ca, .Cb, (.C SJB) C.C , .Cc, .C.C , .Ccn.a. New estimates working with eqn from Miller et al.and information from Greenwood Wing . New estimates using information and LMA eqnfrom Greenwood Wing . New estimates employing eqn from Miller et al.and information from Wilf .We propose the genus Titanomyrma for the new species and transfer the two German species to it, as grouping them inside Formicium would compound an current dilemma that can no longer be avoided. Lutzrecognized the difficulty of defining the genus depending on the limited info offered by a single forewing specimen on the type species, F brodiei. . He, hence, applied the characters of your new species.. lubei is aboutmm, related to that with the T. giganteum holotype queen , indicating a forewing length inside the range of T. giganteum, larger than in T. simillimum . On the other hand, the body of T. lubei is closer in length towards the T. simillimum holotype,mm SYSTEMATIC PALAEONTOLOGY Formicidae Latreille ; Formiciinae Lutz ; Titanomyrma lubei gen. et sp. nov. (a) Etymology Genus name derived from the Greek Titan, typically used to indicate big size, and myrmex (Greek: ant), gender feminine. The specific epithet is formed in the surname of your collector from the holotype, Louis Lube. (b) Holotype Denver Museum of Nature and Science no.(labelled DMNH); part only, physique in dorsal aspect, anterior portions of correct forewing, really small of left. (c) Locality and age DMNS locality , Farson Fish Beds, Laney Member on the Green River Formation; Sweetwater County, Wyoming; most current early Eocene, approximately . Ma . (d) Type and integrated species of Titanomyrma Titanomyrma giganteum comb. nov. is right here designated because the type species with the genus, which also consists of Titanomyrma simillimum comb. nov and T. lubei sp. nov.